Studies on Exhaust Emissions from Two Stroke Copper Coated Spark Ignition Engine with Alcohol Blended Gasoline with Catalytic Converter
Pages : 397-401, DOI:http://Dx.Doi.Org/10.14741/Ijcet/Spl.2.2014.73
Experiments were conducted to control the exhaust emissions from two-stroke, single cylinder, spark ignition (SI) engine, with alcohol blended gasoline (90% gasoline, 10% ethanol by volume) having copper coated combustion chamber [CCCC, copper-(thickness, 300 μ) coated on piston crown, inner side of cylinder head] provided with catalytic converter with sponge iron as catalyst and compared with conventional SI engine (CE) with pure gasoline operation. Aldehydes were measured by wet chemical method. Exhaust emissions of CO and UBHC were evaluated at different values of brake effective pressure, while aldehydes were measured at full load operation of the engine. A microprocessor-based analyzer was used for the measurement of CO/UBHC in the exhaust of the engine. Copper coated combustion chamber with alcohol blended gasoline considerably reduced pollutants in comparison with CE with pure gasoline operation. Catalytic converter with air injection significantly reduced pollutants with test fuels on both configurations of the engine. The catalyst, sponge reduced the pollutants effectively with both test fuels in both versions of the engine.
Keywords: S.I. Engine, CE, copper coated combustion chamber, Exhaust Emissions, CO, UBHC, aldehydes, Catalytic converter, Sponge iron, Air injection
Article published in International Conference on Advances in Mechanical Sciences 2014, Special Issue-2 (Feb 2014)