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The question of waste management in the commune of Malanville in Bénin: What strategies to reduce risk diseases?


Author : Odoulami (L.), Dansou (B.S.) and Tidjani Salami (B.)

Pages : 1711-1716
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Abstract

The populations of Malanville produce various wastes whose management affects human health in the commune. This study identifies and analyzes the waste management options in the commune of Malanville and analyzes the health impacts. The methodology used includes desk research, direct field observations, interviews with resource persons and surveys 189 households identified from the method of Schwartz. The epidemiological, demographic data and sanitary socio collected have been treated and have been analyzed with the PEIR model. The gotten results show that the commune of Malanville is characterized by the insufficiency of points of regrouping, the non-existence of a final discharge site appropriate and of treatment of the garbage. About the populations, 18 % of the households investigated incinerate their garbage, 10 % bury them in the soil and 60 % reject their garbage in the nature. Only 12 % of the households investigated subscribed to the service of meadow collection of the garbage. Most households pour their worn-out waters in the courses of house and on the public roads and around. Also, 50 % of the populations investigated defecate in the nature. It comes from those modes of wastes management used by the populations of that the most are incompatible with the environment principles. The shortcomings of those modes are the cause of 65.92 % of case of malaria, 16.47 % of case of acute respiratory infections… Face this situation, it is urgent for the authorities and the populations of the Malanville to develop the transformation of solid wastes into energy usable and others goods and waste water treatment strategies for the maintenance and sustainable environment and the good health in the commune of Malanville.

Keywords: Benin, Malanville, wastes management, unhealthy environment, diseases

Article published in International Journal of Current Engineering and Technology, Vol.7, No.5 (Sept/Oct 2017)

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