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Grey Relational Analysis Coupled with Principal Component Analysis for Optimization Design of the Machining Parameters in Electro-Discharge Diamond Face Grinding

Author : G. K. Singh, N. K. Chauhan, Rajeev Kumar and V. Yadava

Pages : 23-27, DOI:
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Electro-Discharge Diamond Grinding (EDDG), a hybrid machining process comprising diamond grinding and electro-discharge grinding, has been developed for machining of electrically conductive difficult-to-machine very hard materials. The process employs simultaneous synergetic interactive effect of abrasion action and electro-discharge action. A self-designed face grinding setup is attached on ELEKTRA PULS EDM machine to use it as Electro-Discharge Diamond Face Grinding (EDDFG). This paper investigates optimization design of an EDDFG process performed on high speed steel (HSS).The major performance characteristics selected to evaluate the processes are material removal rate (MRR) and wheel wear rate (WWR), and the corresponding EDDFG parameters are wheel RPM, current, pulse on-time and duty factor. In this study, since the process is with multiple-performance characteristics, therefore, the grey relational analysis that uses grey relational grade as performance index is specially adopted to determine the optimal combination of EDDFG parameters. Moreover, the principal component analysis is applied to evaluate the weighting values corresponding to various performance characteristics so that their relative importance can be properly and objectively described. The results of confirmation experiments reveal that grey relational analysis coupled with principal component analysis can effectively be used to obtain the optimal combination of EDDFG parameters. Hence, this confirms that the proposed approach in this study can be a useful tool to improve the machining performance of EDDFG process.

Keywords: Hybrid machining, Diamond grinding, Electro-discharge grinding, Taguchi methodology, Response surface methodology, Grey relational analysis, Principal component analysis, Hybrid methodology.

Article published in International Conference on Advances in Mechanical Sciences 2014, Special Issue-2 (Feb 2014)




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