Design Optimization of Catalytic Converter to reduce Particulate Matter and Achieve Limited Back Pressure in Diesel Engine by CFD
Pages : 651-658, DOI:http://Dx.Doi.Org/10.14741/Ijcet/Spl.2.2014.124
Now a days the global warming and air pollution are big issue in the world. The 70% of air pollution is due to emissions from an internal combustion engine. The harmful gases like , NOX CO, unburned HC and particulate matter increases the global warming, so catalytic converter plays an vital role in reducing harmful gases, but the presence of catalytic converter increases the exhaust back pressure due to this the volumetric efficiency will decrease and fuel consumption is higher. So analysis of catalytic converter is very important. The rare earth metals now used as catalyst to reduce NOX are costly and rarely available. The scarcity and high demand of present catalyst materials necessitate the need for finding out the alternatives. Among all other particulate filter materials, knitted steel wire mesh material is selected as filter materials in this paper. Through Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) analysis, various models with different wire mesh grid size combinations were simulated using the appropriate boundary conditions. The comparison of back pressure of different catalytic converter models is made in this paper.
Keywords: Through Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), Catalytic bead, Particulate Matter (PM).
Article published in International Conference on Advances in Mechanical Sciences 2014, Special Issue-2 (Feb 2014)