Design and Simulation of a Producer Gas Carburetor – A Review
Pages : 10-13
Due to the increasing energy demand of the human population, to keep the sustainable development, there is a major need for the utilization of alternative energy sources. Hence a promising need to identify an alternative to petroleum products, that is indigenous and renewable energy source has become all that important. Renewable energy sources, among them, gases used could be an effective alternative to fulfil remarkable part of this energy demand as a possible solution of decentralized power generation. At the same time, in order to meet the more stringent emission regulation that has been implemented all around the world, there are still technical difficulties to be resolved to simultaneously reduce the emissions from the engines. Producer Gas, derived from biomass gasification, as an important renewable and economical energy source for both heat and electricity generation, is being recognized for its true potential and use for the benefit of rural population as well as urban industry. Such a development needs basic research on combustion and gasification processes. One of the applications of biomass based producer gas is, using it as a fuel in reciprocating internal combustion (IC) engines which in turn can be used as power source. The various means of incorporating the producer gas in the I. C. Engine needs extensive research. For this purpose, one needs to develop/adopt a suitable I.C. Engine design and its operating parameters. Carburetor is one of the important components in such category and it is identified that additional research work is to be carried out in establishing a design procedure. In this paper, a review has been carried out about the different designs as well as simulation work available for Producer Gas Carburetor.
Keywords: Biomass, Conventional Fossil Fuel, Greenhouse gas emission, Producer Gas Carburetor, Renewable energy