Analysis of Requirements for an Artificial Intervertebral Disc with Selected Mechanical Properties
Pages : 80-84
Intervertebral disc degeneration is an important social and economical problem. Presently available artificial intervertebral discs (AIDs) are insufficient and the main surgical intervention is still spinal fusion. The objective of the present study is to present a list of requirements for the development of an AID which could replace the human lumbar intervertebral disc and restores its function. The list addresses geometry, stiffness, range of motion, strength, facet joint function, center of rotation, fixation, fail safety and implantation technique. Date are obtained from literature, quantified where possible and checked for consistency. Endplate size is a weak point in existing AIDs. These should be large and fit vertebral bodies to prevent migration. Disc height and wedge angle should be restored, unless this would overstretch ligaments. Finally, stiffness and range of motion in all directions should equal those of the healthy disc, except for the axial rotation to relieve the facet joints.
Keywords: Intervertebral disc, AID, Stiffness, geometry, Strength