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Heavy Metal Toxicity, Health Hazards and their Removal Technique by Natural Adsorbents: A Short Overview

Author : Pournima R Pawar and Shrikant M Bhosale

Pages : 400-406, DOI:
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Environmental pollution particularly from heavy metals and minerals in the wastewater is the most severe problem in India. Due to extensive anthropogenic activities such as industrial operations particularly mining, agricultural processes and disposal of industrial waste materials; their concentration has increased to dangerous levels. Heavy metals in industrial effluent include Copper, nickel, chromium, lead, zinc, arsenic, cadmium, selenium and uranium. So far, a number of efficient methods have been reviewed for the removal of heavy metals such as chemical precipitation, ion exchange, reverse osmosis, electro dialysis, ultra filtration, nanofiltration, coagulation, flocculation, floatation, etc. However these methods have several disadvantages such as high reagent requirement, unpredictable metal ion removal, generation of toxic sludge etc. Adsorption process being very simple, economical, effective and versatile has become the most preferred methods for removal of toxic contaminants from wastewater. This paper reviews the use of various readily available natural materials as adsorbents of heavy metals from industrial wastewater. Various natural adsorbents reviewed includes sand, waste tea leaves eggshell, rice husk, activated carbon, zeolites, olive stones, wood sawdust etc.

Keywords: Heavy metals, adsorption, activated carbon, natural adsorbents.

Article published in International Journal of Current Engineering and Technology, Vol.8, No.2 (March/April 2018)

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