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Four-Wheel Drive System: Architecture, Basic Vehicle Dynamics and Traction

Author : Bir Armaan Singh Gill, Mayank Sehdev and Hardeep Singh

Pages : 361-366, DOI:
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Technology has been developing at a very tremendous pace to improve the safety and comfort of the people and when it comes to luxury and comfort, automobiles section is one of the common topic of interest, the most trending among this section is the “Four Wheel Drive (4WD) system” which has become more advanced and sophisticated with time. It has become an essential and appealing part of automobiles in today’s era. This system has made the vehicles more secure, both off-road and on-road, enhanced traction of the wheels and power delivery of the engine. With the manipulation in the fundamental structure of a 4WD, various other 4WD options have become available, suiting different types of lifestyle and environment. This paper attempts to explain the different types of 4WD system, their basic structure, basic vehicle dynamics affecting the traction control system and provide a conclusion on various philosophies that the 4WD system adhere.

Keywords: Four Wheel Drive, Two Wheel Drive, All Wheel Drive, Traction.

Article published in International Journal of Current Engineering and Technology, Vol.8, No.2 (March/April 2018)

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