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Evaluation of Ground Water Quality for its Drinking Suitability- A Case Study for Pusad Town (India)


Author : T. N. Boob

Pages : 1399-1405
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Abstract

Providing clean and affordable water to meet human needs is a grand challenge of the 21st century. Worldwide, water supply struggles to keep up with the fast growing demand, which is exacerbated by population growth, global climate change, and water quality deterioration. The need for technological innovation to enable integrated water management cannot be overstated. World will face a major fresh water crisis in the coming decades due to high contaminants in surface and subsurface water. Groundwater is ultimate and most suitable fresh water resource for human consumption in both urban as well as rural areas. The groundwater quality reflects the information about the natural and anthropogenic source of pollution. A study has been carried out in Pusad city of Yavatmal district, India to ascertain the ground water quality for the parameter viz.TDS, hardness, pH, chloride, fluoride and nitrate content in water. An experimental analysis shows that fluorides, chlorides, and hardness though found within limit, pH, TDS and nitrates are beyond acceptable limit, which has degraded the quality of ground water causing various diseases like Cardiovascular damage, Immune deficiency, hormone concerns, premature aging, cancer, coronary heart disease, arteriosclerotic heart disease and cardiovascular disease, Methaemoglobinemia, Blue baby syndrome, etc. in the study area. Necessity of close monitoring of ground water quality for accessing the sources with reference to land use, land covering activities is emphasized in the present study area to protect the ground water resources from the pollution.

Keywords: TDS, Ph, Water pollution, Ground water

Article published in International Journal of Current  Engineering  and Technology, Vol.4,No.3 (June- 2014)

 

 

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