Article Published In Vol.7,No.2 (June-2017)

  • Comparison of combustion characteristics of Petcoke and Indian sub bituminous coal in a CFB Test facility
  • Author  :  J Jaygopal, K Ganesh Palappan, M Rajavel, P S Guruchandran S Suresh
  • Pages   :  100-106; DOI:
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  • Abstract

Fluidized Bed Combustion (FBC) is one of the best suited combustion technologies for petcoke combustion owing to its capability of handling fuels with low volatile and high sulphur content. In this study, petcoke and Indian sub bituminous coal (coal from Singareni mines, Telengana, India) are fired separately in Circulating Fluidized Bed (CFB) test facility and its combustion characteristics are studied and compared. Even though petcoke is a low reactive fuel compared to Indian coal, temperature profile shows petcoke has a stable combustion. Significant post combustion in cyclone is noticed while combusting petcoke. Around 40-60o C rise in the cyclone temperature is noted during combustion of petcoke compared to 20-30o C while burning sub bituminous coal. Compared to Indian sub bituminous coal petcoke has high sulphur content (4-9 %) and low ash content, therefore it requires limestone addition for in situ sulphur capture and for maintaining bed inventory. Owing to the limestone addition, petcoke firing shows a better material distribution among the splash zone. Although CFB boilers are fuel flexible, and petcoke can be fired in CFB boilers designed for Indian coals, test results show that combustion efficiency of petcoke is lower than that of Indian coal. Combustion efficiency can be improved by certain design modifications such as higher furnace height, higher cyclone efficiency and higher refractory zone. The present study explore the opportunities of using 100% petcoke in CFB boiler.

Keywords: Petcoke combustion, Indian coal, CFB, Cyclone post combustion, Combustion efficiency

Article published in International Journal of Thermal Technologies, Vol.7, No.2 (June-2017)