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Analysis and Comparison of Different Materials for a Single Cylinder Four Stroke 225cc Piston using FEA

Author : Mandeep Singh and Manish Bhargava

Pages : 355-358
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A piston is a component of reciprocating engines which transfer force from expanding gas in the cylinder to the crank shaft via piston rod and a connecting rod. It is one of the most complex components of an automobile, so engine performance is influenced by the weight & design of the piston. In this work explained the distribution of stress in two different alloys of Aluminum and Titanium Alloy with the help of simulation tool. For this purpose, a single cylinder four stroke 225cc engine is used. Analytical design strategy of above mentioned materials is demonstrated. Piston is modeled with the help of Pro/ENGINEER software. The model is analyzed with the help of ANSYS workbench. Then the Von misses stress, Von misses strain, thermal stresses, factor of safety and deformations are calculated which influenced a lot in piston material selection. Thus, the best piston material is ensured by the piston analysis process.

Keywords: Piston, Fatigue, Design Analysis, Al Alloy, Cast Iron, Ti Alloy, ANSYS.

Article published in International Journal of Current Engineering and Technology, Vol.6, No.4 (Dec-2016)

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