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A Review on Biomaterials in Orthopedic Bone Plate Application

Author : R. M. Deshmukh and S. S. Kulkarni

Pages : 2587-2591
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This paper glances through the biomaterials used in the biomedical industry for a bone plate application. It has found among all biomaterials, currently titanium and stainless steel alloys are the most common in manufacturing of bone plates. The metallic bone plates have certain problems like metal incompatibility, corrosion, magnetism effect, anode-cathode reactions, including a decrease in bone mass, increase in bone porosity therefore composite materials for bone plates with higher strength and stiffness and more similarity to natural bone had started to develop. The main requirement for the choice of the biomaterial is its acceptability by the human body. The most common types of materials used as biomedical materials are Metals, Polymers, Ceramics, and Composite. This review touches on various aspects of biomaterials such as its biocompatibility, advantages and as well mechanical properties.

Keywords: Biomaterial, Orthopaedic bone plate, fracture fixation, composite, ceramics, Stiffness.

Article published in International Journal of Current Engineering and Technology, Vol.5, No.4 (Aug-2015)


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